The Artistic Way of Programming

12 years back, when I started my formal classes in computer science, the first thing I learnt was “data” means “information”. A few days after that, we started conventional programming, where code and data were treated separately. For example, only data can be passed as the functional arguments. It was difficult for me to digest that “code, which is also information, is not treated as data”. I strongly felt that this will increase complexity of softwares in the long run.

A system does three things – read, transform (processing data), write. In other words – the mathematics (the transform part), and the effect of that in real life (the read/write part). The data transformation is indeed a mathematical concept, and with the help of read and write we make the mathematics (the transform part) useful to the real world. Bringing the “transform” part fully inside mathematical domain has its own benefit of using mathematics without fear (possible errors) for the analysis of the system, making the system more tractable mathematically. The catch is to treat both the elements of transformations, data and functions, equally.

Initially, code used to be bigger than the data, so sending data over the wire was feasible. But with time, data becoming huge, sending code to systems over the wire becomes the need, resting the data on the systems intact. With big data, the need of the hour is to treat the code as data, so that the code can be taken as argument to another meta function on a system having huge data which expects an algorithm for transformations.

Roughly speaking, codes are algorithms, algorithms are mathematical functions, functions are in turn actually look-up tables, i.e. data. Hence with this principle, all codes or functions are data.This is exactly the cornerstone of the functional paradigm. The functional programming is programming with functions, they treat functions and data likewise. Another principle I love, to control complexity, rules should not be complex itself.

Thumb rules rewritten for the functional paradigm:

Read-write and transformations(algorithms) should be separate.
Use immutable variables. Discourage use of reassignment statements.
Discourage side-effects (input/output or changing any variable in-place), every function should ONLY return its expected result.
Use referentially transparent functions (sometimes it is called pure functions) with no side effects, i.e. if x = y, f(x) and f(y) should be same forever.
Unit testing is a must for each function.
One of the main design patterns should be followed is to use expressions instead of instructions, i.e. it should be declarative in nature. Discourage use of loops like for/while – use recursive statements as shown above to calculate sum. Tell computers what needs to be done, not how to do it – it reduces error, especially edge cases.
With the need to control the complexity of the system and the advance design, the design pattern for the functional composition can be made to follow some basic algebraic structures, which in turn becomes more robust.

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Marketing Trends To Follow

A business without marketing is like driving with your eyes closed. It’s because if you can’t tell anything about your products and services so you are not able to make a sell and therefore marketing is important in all aspects. It allowed you to know and understand the actual demand of the customer so you can sell the right products and services in a right manner that fits their need. So, what’s your strategy to stand out in the market in the year of 2017? Don’t get surprised, 2017 is around the corner and you have to tighten your belts and make a plan from now so you can win the cut-throat competition of the market and achieve all such goals which you are not able to attain this year. Content Remarketing: It simply stands for users who visited your website, but didn’t become a lead to bring them back to it. It bounced visitors into leads, increase brand recalls and effectiveness of SEO (Search Engine Optimization) and content marketing. Therefore, you must follow the content Remarketing trend in the year 2017 to achieve your target like a pro.

Mobile Website Ruling The World: Another thing you need to include in your 2017 marketing strategy is a mobile-friendly website. If you really want to rule the market and be in the each and every home so you have to switch to a mobile-friendly website. If you are not using mobile marketing to search new audience so you are actually losing all such opportunities which your competitors gain instead.

Video Marketing Is The Rising Star: Without any doubt, one good video can lead a massive social following because of people likely to watch a video instead of reading a page of text. It is an effective way of communication that allowed you to target a wider audience and therefore, you should include it in your marketing plan to win the ever-changing market competition. Storm The World By The Power Of Social Media: Social Media Marketing is about communicating with a wider audience. It allowed you to win the market and boost your position over the World Wide Web and increase your reputation.

All above points help you to make a winning strategy for the year 2017 which actually gives you the result that leads your business at a higher level. So, what are you waiting for? Make a plan as soon as it possible so you can implement it with confidence to achieve your goals.

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New Jeep Wrangler Review

Introduction

The Jeep Wrangler Unlimited is a medium-sized, compact car from the famous SUV manufacturer. Its design roots can be traced back to Willy’s MB and Jeep CJ that used to be produced back in the early days of the SUV. The new Jeep Wrangler models have the traditional toughness you could expect from a Jeep yet gives an entirely refined appearance. The new 2017 Jeep Wrangler Unlimited is expected to hit the showrooms later this year. So, let’s give you a run-down of what you can expect from it and what changes are present from its earlier 2016 version as well as what its competitors are up to.

Appearance

The new 2017 Jeep Wrangler Unlimited won’t have a complete shift from its 2016 version that’s for sure since any major design overhaul from the company invites scepticism from the auto lovers. Most of us have been used to the rugged frame, full throttle four-wheel drive and a pair of robust axles and so we can’t expect anything too far-off. But, regarding the new model’s materials used, Jeep is expected to use rendered Aluminium since it will make the car even stronger yet lighter. You can also expect the iconic folded down windscreen as well this time around! Any mechanical changes?

Since Jeep has going on about it a while, we can possibly expect it in the 2017 edition, and that is the small matter of automatic transmission. The 2016 Jeep Wrangler Unlimited had 6-speed manual and 5-speed automatic transmission, and the problem was with the latter since the power breakdown wasn’t enough to cater for the heavy requirements of an off-road vehicle. So, Jeep will increase it to an 8-speed automatic transmission this time around, and this will help improve the accelerator response and fuel efficiency on the go for the new car. Torque is expected to remain unchanged at 260 lb/ft. The same thrilling 4WD experience will also be continued (Like it is ever going to end!)

Fuel Economy

Thanks to the new 8-speed automatic transmission and body frame, the fuel efficiency of 2017 Jeep Wrangler Unlimited is expected to increase significantly this time around. It can be as much as 1-2 mpg in manual transmission and 3-4 mpg in the automatic transmission. The car is expected to continue with 87-Octane fuel just like before. They are expected to go up a little bit more than the yearly inflation rates since the change in the transmission and body would require more premium work. Price range from a manual transmission-based two-door Sport model @ $25,000 and a fully loaded Rubicon around $45,000 inclusive of the destination fee that was about $1,000 on its own.

Competitors

Nissan Frontier, Subaru Forester, Toyota Tacoma and Colorado from Chevrolet are just a few of the competitors you can expect to give a tough time to the Jeep’s new and refined monster. But regarding fuel economy and pure thrill, who can come close to this beauty?

When is the release date?

The new 2017 Jeep Wrangler Unlimited is expected to release by late 2016 or early 2017 according to carpreview.com.

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Economic Cycles, Stock Market Crashes and the Scary Scenarios

Here we are ready to inaugurate a new president in 2017 and our stock markets are at all-time highs after a huge ‘Trump Bounce’ after the election. Many that study stock market history admit that we are in a need for a pull back as the DOW is almost ready to break 20,000 pts. What does all this mean?

Well, many analysts are suggesting it is very possible we could get a market correction in mid to late 2017 and that it could be 10-20% by the time it is done, the longer this nonsense goes on, and the bigger the bubble builds then the bigger the drop, we are over bought, almost everywhere. Then all that money printed that ended up inflating emerging markets will look for safe haven, coming back here in the short term. As those go one-by-one, that money flies out, because the money is looking for the nicest looking house (for now) in a majorly bad neighborhood, look at the EU, Japan, Middle East, India, and who knows what the hell China’s real numbers are, they have one thing going for them, they own our debt – but that might not be worth much if things go on. All that money coming back to safe haven in the US will cause inflation here, but at what cost?

Cheap loans, another bubble burst and look at the Student Loan issues 35% in default (past 90-days) and cheap car loans is only producing higher repo rates which are hidden by increased sales figures. It’s all lipstick on a big pig, socialism doesn’t work and you can’t have utopia unless you build it, and that takes capitalism which we are crushing into next week for the falsehood of cronyism. But I digress.

If we don’t get a back pedal on the stock market soon, it will all come at once, and 2008 was 8-years ago remember? That wasn’t a recovery that I’d be bragging about – basically we’ve increased regulations, size of government, and cut our military – all very stupid things to do in the present period. We are digging a hole, and I assume when if it starts to fall apart the left will blame capitalism and get their people back into power – and they will just make things worse – this seems to be a repeating problem with humanity doesn’t it? That is what socialists always attempt to do, but it all collapses anyway – Venezuela, Argentina, Greece, Spain, Italy, Portugal, Zimbabwe, hell, how about that Arab Spring a few years ago, still in shambles – Libya, Egypt, Tunisia, Syria, Yemen, who’s next? Jordan, Turkey, Saudi Arabia? Civil unrest, food shortages, people will demand what was promised and take down their governments to get what’s left. Beware the socialist mobs. But I keep digressing.

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The Features Of Soccer Cleats

Soccer cleats refer to a firm ground soccer shoe, fitted with studs or cleats to provide traction on most grass surfaces and outdoor soccer fields.

The first soccer shoes were ordered by King Henry VIII in 1526 when he wanted another pair to play football with. One that was tougher than his ordinary shoes. As the game got formalized in the mid 19th century, so did the accessories one needed to have while playing the game, the most important of which were the football shoes.

Vulcanization of rubber was an important invention for the manufacture of cleats whose primary purpose was protection of the players’ feet. And so on from there, many innovations and generations later, football boots have come to represent the advancement of shoe making technology and materials and its importance in football, a game which enjoys absolute popularity amongst all the nations of the world. Today’s soccer cleat

Is not built so much for protection as for performance enhancement of the player! It does not even cover the ankle of the player. The cuts and organization of the studs are to suit different purposes. Amateur players use plastic studded cleats for hard ground. A wet ground requires detachable studs for better grip. These could be metal, plastic or rubber. Rubber soles are provided for indoor football shoes and there are special shoes for artificial turf.

Football blades where the studs have blades facing in different directions to minimize ankle injury to the wearer and deliver excellent grip are also an innovation that has drawn flak for causing a disproportionate number of injuries to other players.

A combination of synthetic fibers with or without leather is used for the upper, nowadays, with emphasis on the lightness of the boot. Carbon fiber as a new material, provides extreme lightness and is extremely flexible.

Additional features have been introduced like rubber ridges and shaping the boot for the ball enhance the player’s performance. There are shoes fitted with microchips that capture’s the player’s performance metrics and transmits it to a tablet or PC.

The latest is the environmentally friendly shoe, made with recycled and renewable material. This is also extremely lightweight.

Football cleats of the Future – Some interesting crystal ball gazing

· One young player predicts that the cleats of the future will have retractable studs, allowing him to use them as ordinary shoes· Autolacing capabilities which will be good – the wearer, after tying the laces steps back into the heel of the shoe. While stepping back, he pushes a lever which lock the laces in place. Then the lever is disconnected in case the player steps back again while playing.

· Recyclable material and carbon fibers used in building aircraft will definitely be the order of the day in creating lightweight boots that contain material used in the last world cup! Not only that, each pair of boots will be recycled and rebuilt to suit that customer’s requirements.

Boots that fit like a sock… such silhouettes will be more in demand for better performance and comfort.

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